一、作文开头 万能句

       1、With the development of technology and science,随着科学技术的发展(后面一定要接句子,不能单独使用)

       With the growth progress of technology and science= Coincident with the advancement of science and technology.2、Considering the worsening situation in China, attention must be poured into protecting the environment.(考虑到中国越来越坏的情况,环境保护需要引起更多的重视。)

       3、The first five years of the new century witnessed the increasing development of China.(本世纪的头五年见证了中国的快速发展。)As the global economy grows at a fever pitch,……

       4、Coincident with the fast growing national economy, there exists an unfavorable and prevalent phenomenon in China.5、There are growing concern for ……

       6、In recent years, it is common to seehear that ……

       7、There is a general tendency that……(有一种趋势)


       结构in the first place/ secondly/ on top of that


       〔原文〕We met at the school gate and went there together early in the morning.〔修正〕Early in the morning we met at the school gate and went there together.〔原文〕The young man couldn’t help crying when he heard the bad news.〔修正〕Hearing the bad news,the young man couldn’t help crying.2.在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如倒装句、强调句、主从复合句、分词状语等。①强调句

       〔原文〕I met him in the street yesterday.〔修正〕It was in the street that I met him yesterday.It was yesterday that I met him in the street.②由with或without引导的短语。如:

       He sat in a chair with a newspaper in the hand.③分词短语。如:

       Satisfied with the result,He decided to go on with a new experiment.④倒装句。如:

       Only in this way can we achieve our goal.Never before have I seen such a wonderful film.Not only should we study in the college, but also learn how to be a decent person.⑤省略句。如:

       If so,victory will be ours.You can make some changes wherever necessary.3.通过分句和合句,增强句子的连贯性和表现力。

       〔原文〕He stopped us half an hour ago.He made us catch the next offender.〔修正〕He stopped us half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.〔原文〕We had a short rest.Then we began to play happily.We sang and danced.Some told stories.Some played chess.〔修正〕After a short rest,we had great fun singing and dancing,telling jokes and playing chess.注意使用不同长度的句子,要结合使用,不能只用短句或只用长句。4.学会使用过渡词。如:

       ①递进: then(然后),besides(还有),furthermore(而且),moreover(此外)等。

       ②转折: however(然而),but(但是),on the contrary(相反),after all(毕竟)等。

       ③总结: finally(最后),at last(最后),in brief(总之),in conclusion(最后)等。

       ④强调: indeed(确实),certainly(一定),surely(确定),above all(尤其)等。

       ⑤对比: in the same way(同样地),just as(正如),on the one hand…on the other hand(一方面……另一方面……)等。

       相似的比较: similarly, in the same manner 相反的比较: on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …,5.注意使用词组、习语来代替一些单词,以增加文采。如: 〔原文〕A new railway is being built in my hometown.〔修正〕A new railway is under construction in my hometown.6.避免重复使用某一单词或短语。如:

       〔原文〕I like reading while my brother likes watching television.〔修正〕I like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.I like reading while watching television appeals to my brother.三、结尾

       1、All in all, what really matters is, in fact, that……(比如说到和谐社会 All in all, what really matters is, in fact, that we should build our society a harmonious society.)

       2、Therefore, it’s not difficult to draw a conclusion that……

       3、As a result , we should take effective measures to do sth.(我们必须采取一些有效的措施来做些什么)

       4、From what has been discussed above , we may conclude that ……

       5、Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.四、一些用法

       1、陈述个人的观点 It is alleged that(据说)In my view, both sides are partly right(两方面都部分的正确)As far as I am concerned(就我而言)As regards to me My own point of view is that…… Personally, I believe that…… My experience tells me that……

       The invention of the handset, I dare to say, turns out to be a tremendous hit.The application of web sites, I dare to say, turns out to be a greatly hit.It comes as no surprise that Chinese economy becomes increasingly hot.2、陈述别人的观点

       Other individuals, however, take the attitude that……(错误的观点)sb is under the false belief that……


       The table showsindicates reveals that ……(表明、暗示、揭示)

       According to the statistics showing in that graph, we can easliy seefound……(根据表中的数据,我们可以看见,发现)

       As seen from the chart/ As is portrayed in the picture Sales went into a slight decline=sales declined slightly(小幅下降)Sales declined dramatically/sharply/greatly/hugely(大幅下降)A brief glimpse at our campus(the picture/cartoon/caricature)vividly shows that mobile phone, becoming more and more prevalent.五、好的替代

       the machinethe device 代替 computer handset代替 cell phone *The Middle Kingdom代替 China intenselycrucially important代替 very important(it is crucially important that the benefits of collective be on our priority.)approaches代替 ways current(currently)代替 now growing individuals代替 more and more people individuals/ characters/ folks 代替 people, persons

       positive, favorable, rosy(美好的), promising(有希望的), perfect, pleasurable, excellent, outstanding, 代替 good unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill 代替 bad an army of, an ocean of, a multitude of 代替 many, a lot of take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that 代替 think affair, business, matter 代替 thing for my part, from my own perspective 代替 in my opinion beneficial, rewarding 代替 helpful exceedingly, extremely, intensely 代替 very pour attention into代替 pay attention to bear in mind that代替remember enjoy, possess代替 have to name only a few/ as an example代替for example/ instance


       老年人the oldelderly aged elderly population senior citizens 年轻人youthyoungster young adults adolescent 中年人middle adults 网吧cyber café 网虫mouse potato 电视迷couch potato 优秀的学生outstanding/superior/rare/top students 坏的影响ill effects 农村rural 郊区suburban 城里urban 在当代社会in contemporary society 双赢a win-win situation 双输 a lose-lose situation

       建设有中国特色的社会主义build socialism with Chinese characteristics ,form a economic system with Chinese characteristics


       I would appreciate it very much If you …… I am thrilled to receive your mail.Looking forward to a prompt response.八、好的短语

       1、have growing respect for 越来越重视

       Coincident with the fast growing economy, China has growing respect for protecting the environment and controlling population.随着经济的迅速发展,中国也越来越重视环境保护和控制人口了。

       2、enable sb to do sth(使某人可以做某事)It enable us to build a harmonious society.3、另外 In addition/ Additionally/ on top of that Additionally, there is another reason for the appearance of this phenomenon.(现象)


       The real power resides in the people.(真正的权力属于人民)We must fight against the bureaucracy in order to improve governmental work.(为了提高政府部门的工作效率,我们必须与官僚作风作斗争。)Litter by little, our knowledge will be enriched, and our horizons will be greatly broadened.(慢慢的,我们的知识会充实,我们的视野会开阔。)As a classic proverb goes that no garden has no weeds.(常言道,任何事物都有两面的。)也可以用 every sword has two edges.Everything has both dark sides and bright sides.Taiwan is an integral part of China.(台湾是中国不可分割的一部分。)


       Coincident with the fast growing national economy, there exists an unfavorable坏的现象(favorable好的现象)and prevalent phenomenon in China.It is estimated that(相关数据,例如:eight out of ten individuals possess a handset十个人中有八个有手机了).Why have there been so many(某种现象)? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.Firstly /in the first place(原因一).Besides,/secondly(原因二).On top of that/additionally(原因三).the main cause of(某种现象)is due to(最主要原因).It is high time that something were done upon it.For one thing,(解决办法一).On the other hand,(解决办法二).All these measures will certainly reduce the number of(某种现象).All in all, what really matters is, in fact, that……(比如说到和谐社会 All in all, what really matters is, in fact, that we should build our society a harmonious society.)

       Many senior middle school students devote a large slice of their leisure time to playing web games./ to planted themselves in front of the computer.Those days when the cell phone, initially a brick shape item, was the source of the pride of the rich, are something of the past.Those days when the car, initially a tool only for authorities, are long gone.There has been an unshakable truth for most people that academic degree and one’s ability is complementary each other.One sad fact about human nature is that we don’t seem to appreciate what we have till it’s gone.Computer can function in disserve of human beings, in a way, especially violence, AV-films, porn pictures.Private cars also function in the disserve of human beings, especially pollution ,consumption of energy and traffic.As a classic proverb goes that no garden has no weeds.Computer do play a positive role in the development of people’s lives, despite a slice of unfavorable impacts.We should ,therefore, take advantage of the fruits and avoid the opposite facet/aspect.阅读理解中

       subjective(主观)subjective(客观)should后面是观点,重点把握 完形填空

       选不出来就填转折,关注第一句话,定语从句,which 后面的信息很重要,用副词开头,后面是专家或的观点(情态动词也一样)


       Effective Practical English Writing for Students


       1.询问信(Letter of Inquiry)


       November 29,2022 Dear Mr.Peter Kevil,I am pleased to write to you for some information about the jet printer produced in your company.I would like to buy it, and I will be very grateful if you could give me information about the price and the service after sale.Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated.Sincerely ,David Johnson 常用句型

       • 1.开场白(写信目的及自我介绍)• We learned from your advertisement that you are… • I am a … who is fond of… • I plan to visit…

       • I am writing to inquire about… 2.提出要求

       • Kindly send me your…

       • I shall be glad if you send me by mail as following: • I would like to get more details of… • I wonder if there is…

       • Please let me know if I could… 3.结束语(表示感谢和期待)*Thank you for your assistance.I look forward to hearing from you.* I would be grateful if you could give me a prompt reply.*Your favorable attention to my request would be highly appreciated.2.邀请信(Letter of Invitation)




       July 15,2022 Dear Marry and Jack, We are planning a party in our home at 4:00 p.m.on Saturday, July 22.We wonder if you would liketo join us.There is a new swimming pool and you can come with your beautiful swimming suites.We will be expecting you on Saturday.Please let me know if you can make it.Yours ever,Mr.and Mrs.White 常用句型(正式邀请)1.We are pleased to invite… to visit…

       2.You are warmly invited to attend… 3.Please confirm that you will be able to attend…

       4.We would like to invite you to a reception in honour of…

       5.It would give us great pleasure to have your presence at the ceremony to be held on Tuesday at Royal Hotel.6.It would be a great honour to have your presence at the dinner.3.感谢信(Letter of Thanks)

       受到外国团体或友人的热情款待、收到别人赠送的礼物、得到别人帮助或为了感谢他人提供的就业机会时,都应写信表示感谢。其特点是: 时间及时、简明扼要、着重事由、感情真挚。

       March 8,2022 Dear Mrs.Tang, I would like to take this opportunity t o express my heartfelt thanks to your hospitality.Thank you for the unforgettable visit to so many interesting places.It is the first time in my life that I have enjoyed the wonderful views of the Imperial Palace, the Summer Palace and the Great Wall.Because of your well-planned arrangement, I really spent three pleasant days in Beijing.Again, thanks so much for your kindness.Yours sincerely, Alice Brown 常用句型

       • I am writing to thank you for the memorable weekend I had at your home.• Thank you so much for…

       • The kindness of friendship has warmed me greatly.• It is so thoughtful of you to remember my birthday.• I am writing on behalf of … to thank you for your kindness and hospitality extended to us on our visit to… • How delightful to receive your… 4.祝贺信

       在西方,逢年过节、升迁、毕业、获得成就时,都可能收到亲朋好友或其他组织的祝贺信,使你倍感喜悦、温暖。信要写得亲切、真诚、充满热情。Dear Mr.Smith,It was delighted news for me to learn of the establishment of your own Foreign Language Training Center.Please accept my most sincere congratulations.With your brilliant background and outstanding achievement, I believe the new centre will make a contribution to the development of education.I am sure it will be a great success.Yours sincerely,Tom 常用句型 1.祝贺升迁

       • I wish to congratulate you on your successful

       performance.• I am so delighted to learn that you have been promoted as a… • Congratulations on your promotion!2.祝贺订婚、结婚

       • What a delighted surprise to know you are married!• Allow me to offer my sincere congratulations to you.• I’m delighted to /pleased to hear that you are engaged.5.慰问信


       January 16, 2022 Dear Tom,We are saddened to know that you are in hospital, and on behalf of everyone I send you best wishes for a full and speedy recovery.We will visit you when you are feeling better.Please let us know if there is anything you need in hospital.Please don’t worry about your work, as we are looking after everything for you during your absence.Yours sincerely,Mike 常用句型

       • I am sorry at the news that your house was on fire yesterday.• I was shocked to hear of Mary’s death and wish to extend our sympathy to you and your children.• I just can’t tell you how sorry I was to listen of /that… • Please let us know if there is anything you need in hospital.• All of us were saddened /distressed/grieved to know…

       6.求职信(Letter of Application)


       June 25, 2022 Dear Sir or Madam,It is my pleasure to apply for the position of the General Manager’s secretary in your company, which you have advertised in China Daily last week.I am 24 and graduated from Longjiang Technical College with excellent academic records in all courses.While I majored in Business Administration, I am skillful at shorthand and typing with a speed of 90 and 70 words per minute respectively.I am enclosing my resume and a recent photograph.I look forward to your early reply.Yours

       faithfully,Wang Manli


       • In answer to your advertisement in …for a …, I would like to apply for the position.• I have learned from…that your firm is looking for a … and I would like to apply for this job.• I am writing in response to the advertisement you placed in… for…, I have pleasure in applying for the post.• Born in … in…, I graduated from … University majoring in… • I have been working in … since my graduation.7.投诉信(Letter of Complaint)

       投诉信用于向某单位或某公司的负责人提出的不满和意见。常用句型: • I am writing about … I bought in your shop/ store … when I was in… • I am quite annoyed at this.• I am dissatisfied with your…

       • I demand your attention and a refund as soon as possible.December 23, 2022 Dear Sir or Madam,I am writing about a camera I bought in your shop last month when I was on business in Guangzhou.I took a lot of pictures with it.However, when I arrived home and got the film developed, there is nothing on the picture!I guess there must be something wrong with the camera.I am quite annoyed at this because at your price I expect the top quality.I have sent the camera back to you by post with a copy of the receipt, and I demand your attention and a refund as soon as possible.Looking forward to an early reply.Yours sincerely,Wang Lan

       二、常见应用文体写作 1.简历(Resume)简历一般包括: 1)个人信息: 姓名、地址、联系方式、特长(专业表现、科研能力、语言能力等)。2)求职意向: 应聘岗位或工作领域。3)教育背景: 学历、学位、培训经历。

       4)工作经历: 以前从事的工作。如果是应届毕业生,可填写兼职、实习内容、社会工作等。5)其他: 奖励、证书、作品、兴趣及证明人或介绍信。2022,12 B


       Name: Li Aihua

       Sex: male

       Date of birth: May 16, 1980

       Marital Status: single

       Address: 61 Fuxing Road, Beijing

       Job Objective: seeking a job as a computer programmer

       Education: I graduated from the Computer Department of Huaguang Technical College with

       excellent scores in 2022.Foreign Languages: I have been studying English for three yeas at college.I am able to read proficiently and communicate fluently in English.Hobbies: swimming and going online


       一个广告要想吸引消费者的注意力一般要做到: 用词简单、朗朗上口;句式结构简单、短促有力;采用多种表达方式,符合大众的消费心理。

       Job Vacancy(招聘广告)

       Whirlpool Company has 20 branches throughout the country and the Headquarters of it is in Tianjin.The company is famous for its manufacture and marketing of electrical appliances.It is seeking for a sales manager now.Qualifications:

       Chinese citizenship, aged 35~40

       College diploma in Marketing, Economics or related fields

       Minimum of 5 years of experience in sales management

       Proficiency in English speaking and writing

       Willingness to travel frequently

       Skills in computer operating Contact: Mr.John Smith

       Tel: 24876669 常用句型

       • …offers you the job opportunity of…

       • 2~3 relevant working experience in Quality or Manufacturing environment, experience in joint venture preferably.• • • • Essential qualities are sales leadership, marketing and relationship management.Qualified applicants will have interviews.Good command of English is required.Candidates should go for business trip all over China frequently.3.预订(Reservation)


       December 5 Dear Sir or Madam,We’d like to reserve a single room and a three double rooms both with baths in your hotel from December 25 to 27.A meeting room will also be wanted for business negotiation on the afternoon of December 26.We will be expecting an early reply from you about the possibility of such a reservation, the charge and whether a deposit is needed.Thanks for your attention.Yours sincerely,Li Qiang 常用句型

       • On Jan.10 I reserved two tables for 12 people for breakfast at 9 in the morning.• There has been a change in our plans and occasion will have to be postponed until…at… • If you accommodate us, please let us know the price of the tickets so we send you a check without delay.• Please send me confirmation of this change in flight schedule.4.便条、留言条(Notes and Messages)



       June,12 Mary,I didn’t see you this morning.Here is a piece of good news for you.There will be a fashion show tomorrow evening a the Exhibition Center.It must be wonderful.Shall we go there? Let’s meet at the school gate tomorrow at 6 p.m.Mike


       Tuesday Mr.smith,I’m awfully sorry that I cannot attend the meeting to be held this Friday.I’ve got a cold and the doctor said I must stay in bed for a couple of days.So I’m writing to ask for a leave of three days.I hope that my request will be given due consideration.Encl.Doctor’s Certificate(医生证明)



       Notice在英文中可以指书面的通知、公告、启事或海报。主要是向公众或有关人士发布信息。有时也称作 Announcement。文通知的格式与中文通知大体相同,由标题、正 文、落款(或时间)三部分组成。




       Contribution Wanted(征稿启事)

       Our English Corner has drawn extensive attention from English readers and is becoming popular.For the sake of publishing more good English writings, we seek for contribution from all walks of life.College students, English learners, foreign students and friends are all welcome.Your contribution should meet the following requirements.(1)A short story

       (2)Anecdotes happening around you

       The article should be limited to 500 words.The article should be addressed to :

       Wang Ping

       Beihai Evening Post

       No.10 Xinmin Street

       Beihai 230034

       Or send us E-mail: Monuica@public.cc.cngd.com

       Notice of Speech To: Students

       Date: June 10, 2022 From: The Students’ Union Reporter: Mr.John Smith, a well-known professor Time: 7:00 p.m.next Friday Place: The Lecture Hall Subject: Talking about the economic development and the future of the light industry in China after China’s entering WTO.Note: Students who are interested can ask Li Ming for tickets.He will be available in Room 601 Building 5, from 7 p.m.to 9 p.m.every evening.常用句型

       • All are warmly welcomed.• We are pleased to inform that… • This is to inform that…

       • A lecture will be held in …(place)on…(date).• All are expected to attend the seminar.6.海报(Posters)




       Hosted by the Student Union of the School of Foreign Language Studies, an English Speech Contest will be held in No.4 Classroom of the Teaching Building at 7:30 p.m., September 26, 2022.All are cordially welcomed.The Student Union

       September 14, 2022 常用句型

       • Hosted / Sponsored by …, an English speech competition titled CCTV Cup will be held…

       • There is going to be a friendly and wonderful basketball match between … and …

       under the auspices of….• All are cordially welcomed.• Your presence/ participation will be a great support to us.7.备忘录(Memorandum or Memo)


       Memo Date: December 28, 2022 To: Mr.Gates, leader of the Supply Section From: Li Ming of the Business English Class Subject: Borrowing one VCD Dear Sir,I’m a student of the Business English Class and we are badly in need of a VCD in order to have a New Year’s party.Our party will start on Friday, so please lend a VCD to us so that we can prepare better for the party.With kind regards

       Yours sincerely,Li Ming 8.证明信(Letter of Certification)


       写证明信要求言简意赅、明确肯定,称呼多用”To Whom It May Concern”,意即“有关负责人”。

       To Whom It May Concern, This is to certificate that Mr.Wang Ling is invited to go on a four-week tour to USA.He has been given $500 in advance for the initial expense after his arrival in USA.He needs to exchange these $500 into traveler’s checks.Any help offered to him in this regard will be much appreciated.Yours sincerely,Li Ning 常用句型

       • To whom it may concern: 致有关人士 • This is to certify that…兹证明……

       • Any help offered to him in this regard will be much appreciated.• This certificate is awarded to… First Prize at the … • Somebody’s working experiences are as followed.三、商务书信

       1.建立商业关系(Establishing Business Relations)






       October 10, 2022 Dear Sir or Madam,We are given your name and address by the Chamber of Commerce(商会), China, who informed us that you are in the market for Personal Computers.We are one of the largest computer producers in our country and have handled with various kinds of the products for over 15 years.Now we’d like to get in touch with you in the hope of establishing business relations with you and expect to increase our business scope.To acquaint you with our business lines, we are enclosing a copy of our illustrated catalogue covering the main items available at present.If you are interested in any of the items, please let us know by fax.We will give you our lowest quotations and try our best to comply with your requirement.We are sincerely looking forward to your early reply.Yours faithfully,Mark Hamilton


       November 12, 2022 Dear Sir of Madam,Having obtained your name and address from Anderson Co., we are writing to you in the hope of establishing business relations with you.We have imported Arts & Crafts for many years.At present, we are interested in various kinds of Chinese Arts and Crafts and should appreciate your catalogue and quotations.If your prices are in line , we trust that important business can materialize.We are looking forward to receiving your early reply.Yours faithfully,Mark Hamilton 常用词汇和短语

       • be in the market for sth.准备买某物

       • to increase one’s business scope

       扩大业务范围 • We are enclosing(enclose)…


       • fall(come)within the scope of our business activities

       属于我们的经营范围 • a general idea


       full details


       • specific inquiry


       favorable reply

       满意的答复 • obtain one’s name and address from…


       • appreciate your catalogue and quotation

       感谢你们的目录和报价。(在商业信函中表示感谢, appreciate用得较普遍, thank you用得较少,只有在收到东西后才用thank you)• in line(with)

       符合……, 与……相符 常用句型

       • You are recommended to our company by… • We have obtained your name and address from…

       • We are experiences manufacturers and exporters of…, and are enjoying a good reputation all over the world.• We are willing to establish trade relations with your company.• We are writing to you in the hope of establishing business relations with you.→ • Being specialized in manufacture and export of this line, we express our desire to trade with you.• • • • • We are enclosing our latest illustrated catalogue together with the price list.We expect that you will let us have your specific inquiry as soon as possible.Your early response will be very much appreciated.We look forward to hearing from you soon.We sincerely hope that this, our first transaction together, will be the beginning of the long and pleasant business cooperation.2.询价(Inquiry)


       (1)介绍写信的起因。(2)明确说明所需商品的名称,以及希望对方提供信息的具体内容,如可向对方索要产品价格单、目录、样品、规格、品质、包装、交货期、支付方 式等方面。(3)表示要与对方进一步密切业务联系或表明达成交易的确良好愿望。

       October 20,2022 Dear Sirs,We have learned from your national trade journal that you manufacture a range of high fashion handbags.We operate a quality retail business and although our sales volume is not large, we obtain high prices for our high quality goods.Would you please send us a catalogue and price list, and tell us your terms of business and delivery date?

       We look forward to your early reply.Yours faithfully,Mark Hamilton

       November 29, 2022 Dear Mr.Peter Kevil,I am pleased to write to you for some information about the jet printer produced in your company.I’d like to buy it, and I will be very grateful if you could give me information about the prices and the service after sale.Your prompt reply will be highly appreciated.Sincerely yours,David Johnson 常用句型

       • We are in the market for… • We are interested in your…

       • We learn from your advertisement in… that your are manufacturers/ exporters… • I am pleased to write to you for some information about…

       • We shall be glad if you will send us your catalogue together with quotations.• We would appreciate your letting us have full information regarding export prices, terms of payment, earliest delivery date and quantity discount.• We look forward to your prompt and favorable reply.• We hope to hear you at your earliest convenience.3.报盘(Offer)





       3.最后应表达写信人希望对方早日答复并达 成交易的愿望。

       April 18, 2022 Dear Sirs,Thank you for your inquiry of 12 April.We now have pleasure in enclosing full particulars of the electronic components that we manufacture for export and a copy of our price list.In view of high quality of our products, we believe that you will agree that the prices, which are all inclusive of CFR to London, are very competitive.Payment should be made by bill of exchange payable within 60 days after sight.We will also be pleased to allow you a cash discount of 5% if you are willing to complete payment within 30 days of invoice date.All orders will be sent to you within three days upon receipt of your firm order.We look forward to hearing from you.Yours sincerely,Mark Hamilton

       Sales Manager 4.订购(Order)一般来说,订购信函至少应包括以下内容:

       1.商品名称、型号、规格、颜色以及其他相关信息 2.数量 3.装运日期及方法 4.商品单价 5.包装 6.付款方式

       June 15, 2022 Dear Mr.Holland,How about your recent work and life? I’m Li Hua, the manager of the marketing department in Daniel Trade Company.I wish we would have a good cooperation between us.I am writing to you to push a quick payment of $10,000 for the products which our company sold to you.The payment is 10 days behind the schedule and it is overdue.Please find the enclosed catalogue of our summer products.I hope Mr.Holland will send new order as soon as possible, and you can enjoy the special offers from our company if you make early orders

       We’re looking forward to your prompt reply.Yours faithfully,Li Hua 常用句型

       • We thank you for your letter of …(date), sending us…

       • We are pleased to enclose our purchase order No….for …

       • If you can guarantee punctual delivery, we can place considerable orders with you.• If the quality and delivery proves to be satisfactory, we will give you larger order in the future.• We shall book a trial order with you, provided you will give us a 5% commission.• We find the quality is good and your business terms are satisfactory.• We are sorry to have to tell you that we cannot supply the goods you ordered on…because… • • • • We regret we are unable to supply what you require just now.We shall be much obliged if you will effect shipment as soon as possible.Thank you for your letter of June 9 enclosing your order No.437.We assure you that we will give our best attention to the execution of this order.12





       (一)Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing.You are required to write a letter of Application according to the following information given in Chinese.Remember to do the task on the Composition/Translation sheet.假设你叫张明,是北京大学经济系2022年毕业的一名学生.毕业后就职于北京经济研究所。现在你想申请到哈佛大学读MBA,2022年10月入学,写一封入学申请信,介绍一下自己的情况,并索要相关的信息。

       ● 审题概述●



       July 20 th, 2022

       Dear Sirs,I read with great interest the prospectus(说明书)of graduate studies of your university.I am interested in the courses on economics.I wonder if you could consider me as an applicant for the MBA course of Economics beginning in October, 2022.I graduated from the Economics Department of Peking University.After my graduation in 2022, I have been working at Beijing Institute of Economics for three years.I hope you can send me relevant information about the course.Please contact me by email.I am looking forward to hearing from you.Yours truly,Zhang Ming




       1.catalog and application forms招生简章和申请表

       2.I dearly hope that you will consider my application favorably.恳请您考虑我的申请事宜。

       3.I am most anxious to hear from you.急盼复。

       4.My solid academic background will meet your general entrance requirements for graduate study.我的扎实学术功底能满足贵校研究生学习的入学要求。


       (二)Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing.You are required to translate a letter of declining an invitation to a celebration party.Remember to do the task on the Composition/Translation sheet.我外出几天之后于今天上午回到办公室,见到你们为庆祝“十·一”发出的邀请,为此我向您表示感谢。



       本文要求写一封拒绝邀请的信函。首先注意写作格式。正文部分要按照题目的要求分别进行论述,写作的重点在于阐述不能接受邀请的原因并表达遗憾和希望对方谅解。● 范文

       September24, 2022

       Dear Mr.Zhang,On my return to the office this morning after being away for a few days, I found your kind invitation of the October 1 awaiting me, for which I thank you.I should like to have been in a position to accept your invitation for the Octorber 1, but unfortunately due to a prior engagement with some overseas friends, it will not be possible to do so.I hope you will excuse me on this occasion and sincerely trust an opportunity will present itself to meet you at a later date and make the personal acquaintance of yourself and your colleagues.Yours sincerely,Li Yang




       1.I hope you’re not too busy to come.我期望您会在百忙中光临。2.Request the pleasure of恭请„„

       3.We sincerely hope you can attend.我们期待您的光临.4.kind invitation of the October 1 awaiting me看到你们为庆祝“十·一”发出的邀请

       5.sincerely trust an opportunity will present itself to meet you at a later date深信以后有机会见面


       (三)Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing.You are required to write a letter of Inquiry(询价信)according to the information given in Chinese below.Remember to do the task on the Composition/Translation sheet.内容:我厂对贵公司生产的男女自行车及童车感兴趣,能否请贵公司寄一份产品目录表和价格表。我公司是武汉最大的经销商。并在十个地区设有分公司。如果贵厂的自行车质量令人满意,价格合理,我们将大量订货。发信人:王刚(销售部经理)

       Words for Reference: dealer经销商 ●审题概述●


       ● 范文●

       July 21, 2022

       Dear Sir or Madam,We have seen the advertisement of your bicycles on television, and we are very interested in your machines for both men and women, and also for children.Would you please send us a copy of your catalog and current price list for bicycles?

       We are the leading bicycle dealers in Wuhan, and have branches in ten neighboring districts.If the quality of your machines is satisfactory and the price is reasonable, we will place regular orders for fairly large numbers.We look forward to your reply!

       Yours sincerely,Wang Gang Sales Manager




       1.we are very interested in… 我们对……感兴趣

       2.Would you please send us a copy of your catalog and current price list?能寄来你们的产品

       目录和价格表吗? 3.place orders 下订单


       (四)Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing.You are required to write a letter of Recommendation according to the information given in Chinese below.Remember to do the task on the Composition/Translation sheet.请以陈含老师的名义为张丽君写一封推荐信。内容如下:张丽君在音乐方面有很好的天赋,在过去的2年里她取得了非常大的进步,她是我们音乐学院最有前途的学生。我教授张丽君钢琴已经5年了,她是个乐观聪明的学生,我极力推荐她去贵学校深造。

       Words for Reference: conservatoire音乐学校



       The College Registrar,I am very pleased to write this reference for Miss Zhang Lijun.Miss Zhang Lijun is a talented girl and has a natural gift for music.She has made so remarkable progress in the past two years that she is now regarded as one of the most promising students in our conservatoire.I have taught Miss Zhang Lijun piano for over five years now.I have always found her a cheerful and intelligent student.I would highly recommend her to take the courses that your college offers.Yours faithfully,Chen Han




       1.I am very pleased to write this reference for… 很高兴为***写推荐信

       2.…is a talented student and has a natural gift for…***是个出色的学生,在***方面有


       3.I would highly recommend someone to… 我极力推荐***去***


       (五)Directions: This part is to test your ability to do practical writing.You are required to write a lost according to the information given in Chinese below.Remember to do the task on the Composition/Translation sheet.请以John Smith的名义写一则寻物启示:我门厅登记时丢失了一只小型棕色皮箱,可能是有人拿错了,皮箱上有我名字的首字母标签。拾到者请致电65679868与我联系,当面酬谢。●审题概述●




       May 9, 2022

       I have lost my suitcase in the lobby while I was registering, probably someone took it by mistake.It is a small brown suitcase, with a label(with my initials on it)attached to it.As its loss is causing me great inconvenience, I should very much appreciate it if the finder can contact me at 65679868, to whom I’ll give my thanks in person.Loser John Smith





       1.I have lost…in…我在**地方丢失了**

       2.As its loss is causing me great inconvenience, I should very much appreciate it if the finder

       can contact me at....由于它的丢失带给我极大的不便,若拾到者通过…与我联系,我将感激不尽

       3.I’ll give my thanks in person我会当面酬谢




       A.有人认为X 是好事,赞成X,为什么?

       B.有人认为X 是坏事,反对X,为什么?


       Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X.They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。

       They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。

       However, other people stand on a different ground.They consider it is harmful to do X.They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。

       An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。

       They also argue that 反对X 的第二个理由。

       There is some truth in both arguments.But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages., X also may X 的有一个坏处。



       B. 我不同意。

       Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。提出)is that 一个例子。(Accordingby X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。of truth in these people’s belief.But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief.(以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。



       B. 产生的原因


       D. 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)

       E. 前景的预测。

       Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem.(X has increasingly become a common concern of the public).According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。this problem/phenomenon.下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。(大量的、实质的)on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated(表达).参照辩论式议论文的写法。

       A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm.参照辩论式议论文的写法。(预测)that more and more people will ……..图表式作文(经历))changes.It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped(相当地)in recent years(as X varies).At the point of(接近)X1, Y 达到高峰)value of …(多少).What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are …(多少)reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table.First of all, …(第一个原因).More

       importantly, …(第二个原因).Most important of all, …(第三个原因).From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future.The trend described in the graph/table will continue for quite a long time(if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).辩论式议论文


       Some people believe(argue, recognize, think)that 观点1.But other people take an opposite side.They firmly believe that 观点2.As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief.First of all, 论据1.More importantly, 论据2.Most important of all, 论据3.In summary, 总结观点.As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.或 From above, we can predict that 预测.模版2

       People hold different views about X.Some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点2.As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.For one thing, 论据1.For another, 论据2.Last but not the least, 论据3.To conclude, 总结观点.As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.或 From above, we can predict that 预测.模版3

       There is no consensus 一致of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点)。Some people are of the view that 观点1,while others take an opposite side,firmly believing that 观点2。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion(观念)is preferable in many senses.The reasons are obvious.First of all, 论据1。

       Furthermore, 论据2。

       Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest.That is, 论据3。

       A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点。

       As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.或 From above, we can predict that 预测


       1. 表示原因

       1)There are three reasons for this.

       2)The reasons for this are as follows.

       3)The reason for this is obvious.

       4)The reason for this is not far to seek.

       5)The reason for this is that...

       6)We have good reason to believe that...

       例: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our

       life.Firstly,people’s living standard has been greatly improved.Secondly,most people are well paid,and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life.

       注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。


       1)It has the following advantages.

       2)It does us a lot of good.

       3)It benefits us quite a lot.

       4)It is beneficial to us.

       5)It is of great benefit to us.

       例: Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore,reading extensively is of great benefit to us.


       1)It has more disadvantages than advantages.

       2)It does us much harm.

       3)It is harmfulto us.

       例: However,everything divides into two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching televi-sion.


       1)It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient,possible)for sb.to do sth.

       2)We think it necessary to do sth.

       3)It plays an important role in our life.

       例: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government,in schools or in business.Soon,computers will be found in every home,too.We

       have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.


       1)We should take some effective measures.

       2)We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.

       3)We should do our utmost in doing sth.

       4)We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.

       例: The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore,we must take some effective measures to solve it.


       1)Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

       2)A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

       3)The computer has brought about(导致)many changes in education.

       例: Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.Nowadays,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.


       1)We cannot ignore the fact that...

       2)No one can deny the fact that...

       3)There is no denying the fact that...

       4)This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

       5)However,that’s not the case.

       例: We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems,we can start by educating the public about the hazards(危害)of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment.


       1)Compared with A,B...

       2)I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

       3)There is a striking contrast between them.

       例: Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly,they do not consume natural resources of petrol(石

       油).Secondly,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.


       1)It has increased(decreased)from...to...

       2)The population in this city has now increased(decreased)to 800,000.

       3)The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

       例: With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion(比例)of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

       再如: From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000.








       There will be a lecture at 7 p.m.on November 28, in Students’

       Center.Famous Professor Wang is going to give us a speech on job

       interview.The lecture is free and all the students are welcome.Students’ Union

       Nov.20, 2022王小明毕业于湖北大学,专业是国际贸易,学习能力强,英语听说流利,请以他的名义



       October 12, 2022

       Dear Mr.Chen,I’m writing this letter to apply for a position in your company.I’m Wang Xiaoming and graduated from HubeiUniversity.My

       major(专业)is International Trade.I’m good at study and have a

       good command of English listening and speaking.I’ll appreciate(感

       激)if you can consider giving me a chance of interview.(Hope to

       hear from you soon).Yours faithfully

       Wang Xiaoming请以学生会的名义给外语系的黄教授写一封邀请函,邀请他出席9月1日下午3点学生



       August 25, 2022Dear Professor Huang,We’d like to invite you attend the English Speech Contest which

       will be held in the Speech Hall at 3 p.m.Sept.1st.The topic of the

       speech is about the experience of part-time job in summer vocation.We look forward to your presence.Yours sincerel

       Students’ Union4 请以John的名义给房东Mr.Smith写一封投诉信,内容包括:





       August 15, 2022Dear Mr.Smith,The doorbell of the house I rent goes wrong again.There was

       something wrong with it last week but it didn’t work after the repair.Please send someone to repair it or change it for me or I won’t give

       you rent of the house for this month on time.Hope to hear from you

       soon.Yours sincerelyJohn请以Phoebe的名义给假日饭店的经理写一封信,包括以下内容;




       June 9, 2022

       Dear Manager of Holiday Hotel,I lost a red handbag when I had dinner in your hotel last weekend.But I didn’t know it until I came home.There are some change, two

       books, my ID card and etc in it.Would you please try to find it for me?

       If you can get it, please send it to No.86 Dongfeng Road, Guangzhou

       or you can contact me at 81235644.Yours sincerely





       Dear Ann,Thank you so much for the wonderful dinner last night!I had a

       really good time in your home.You are an amazing cook.I am already longing for another get-together.Will you be free

       next Saturday evening? I wonder if you could come and have dinner

       with us.I will also invite our friends Joe and Kate.I'm sure they will

       be pleased to meet you.I am looking forward to your joining us next Saturday evening.All the best,enny请帮ABC公司写信告知他们的客户Mr.Brown关于广告收费的问题,该客户开拓市场的广告每周五次,每次时间1分钟,每次收费5万元人民币。希望双方以后有机会合作。写


       March 9, 2022

       Dear Mr.Brown,I’m writing to tell you about the charge of your company’s ad..The

       marketing ad.we made for your company will be on TV five times a

       week and lasts for one minute each time.And the charge for each

       time is 50,000 RMB.I hope we have chance to cooperate in the future.Yours sincerely

       ABC Company以Lily的名义给小王写一张电话留言条,转告他老师打电话来通知明天下午的足球比赛


       Xiao Wang,Your teacher called to say that the football match tomorrow

       afternoon was cancelled and it would be held at the same time next

       Tuesday.You are required to take part in the computer operation

       exam in the Experiment

       Building tomorrow afternoon.Lily9 以Tom的名义给他的秘书Mary写一份备忘录,请她通知各部门经理明天下午3点到5



       From: Tom

       To Mary

       Date: April 5

       Subject: Meeting on WTO agreement

       Please inform the manager of each department to take part in an

       urgent meeting on WTO agreement at 3 tomorrow afternoon in the

       Meeting Hall on the 5th floor.请以Susan的名义给你的同学David留言,告诉他爸爸今天刚从家里来到学校看他,现



       David,Your father came to see you from home today.He is now living

       in Room 3504 of the College Hotel.Please call him at 356412 when

       you come back.Please wait for him in his room if no one answers the

       call.Susan11 以Dick的名义给你部门陈经理写封道歉信;





       March 12, 2022

       Dear Mr.Chen,I’m writing to apologize/say sorry for my not being on time for the

       urgent department meeting this morning.I was late because the

       traffic accident caused traffic jam I promise it won’t happen again.Please forgive me.Yours sincerely






       February 4, 2022

       A black wallet and a coat were found on the school’s playground in the afternoon of February 3.The owner can call Miss Wang at 84657879 as soon as possible.下面是几种常考作文类型的基本句型,牢记这些基本句型,对写作大有好处。通知

       1.The Student Union is going to hold a party on Saturday evening,August 15.2.The party will be held in th garden of the Main Building.3.We are to visit the museum after lunch.4.The meeting starts at 6 p.m.5. The American guests are aboutto leave at 5 in the afternoon.感谢信与道歉信

       1.Thank you very much for your help.2.It was good of you to invite me to take part in the activity.3.Please accept my sincere appreciation.4.Please accept my since reapologies.5.I have to offer you an apology for not coming to your party.6.I regret that my carelessness has caused you too much inconvenience.便条

       1.I shall feel obliged if you will favor me with a call at your earliestconvenience.2.Upon receiving this note, pleasecome to my office.3.Mr.Li stands in urgent need of your help.4.Your note with an admission ticket enclosed is much appreciated.5.Hoping that the matter will bedealt with as soon as possible.求职信

       1.I learned from the newspaper that your company wanted to hire anexperienced electrician.2.I am writing to inquire opportunities for computer programmersin your company.3.At school, I won a scholarship and the first prize in speech contest.4.I work hard and I can get along well with others.I’m good at Englishand especially my spoken English isvery good.5.I would welcome the opportunity for a personal interview with you

       at personal interview with you at yourconvenience.邀请函及复函

       1.It would be an honor to me if

       you would accept our invitation.2.Will you do us a favor by joiningour party?

       3.We sincerely hope you can attend.4.Please let us know if you’re available.5.Thank you for your very kind invitation.I should love to come, andI am looking forward to it very much.6.I regret that I have another arrangement at this time and will notbe able to attend.7.I am sorry that I shall not be able to join you because I am badlysick.